Royal Route Krakow

The Royal Route in Krakow: A Walk Through Poland's Historic Heart

The Royal Route in Krakow, offers a captivating journey through the city’s rich history, leading you along the path once walked by Polish kings. As you make your way from the medieval Old Town to the majestic Wawel Hill, you’ll discover some of the most significant landmarks and historical treasures that this ancient city has to offer.

Commencing at the northern end of the Old Town, the Royal Route takes you through Floriańska Gate and across the picturesque Main Market Square. As you continue southward, you’ll be guided along the charming streets of Grodzka and Kanonicza before finally reaching the awe-inspiring Wawel Castle on Wawel Hill. Here, the royal residence stands as a testament to the power and prestige held by the Polish monarchy.

Illustration Royal Route Krakow

Along your journey, you’ll come across a plethora of fascinating sites, each with their own unique story to tell. With each step, you’ll walk in the footsteps of royalty, gaining an insight into the exceptional culture and architecture of Krakow. Embrace this opportunity to explore and immerse yourself in the enchanting atmosphere of Poland’s historic capital.

Historical Importance of the Royal Route Krakow

The Royal Route Krakow holds a significant place in the history of Poland, specifically during the Middle Ages when Krakow served as the royal capital. Stretching from Floriańska Gate to Wawel Castle, the Royal Route was the coronation path for Polish kings from the 14th century until the end of the 16th century. As you walk along the route, you can witness the grandeur of the historic landmarks and imagine the elaborate coronation processions that once took place there.

The Royal Road was not only for coronations, but was also used for receptions, parades, and the welcoming of foreign envoys and distinguished guests. This ceremonial route was, and still is, an important symbol of the nation’s rich heritage.

One key figure throughout the Royal Route’s history is Jan Matejko, a 19th-century Polish painter whose works focused on historical events and notable Polish figures. Matejko Square, where the Royal Route begins, is named after him and features a beautiful Baroque church of St. Florian and a large monument commemorating the victory of Polish King Władysław Jagiełło over the Teutonic Order.

As you explore the Royal Route, you’ll come across various sites of historical importance, such as the Krakow Barbican, St Florian’s Gate, and Wawel Castle. Each location has its own unique story and contributes to the understanding of the Polish kings’ influence and power during the Middle Ages.

Florianska Street

In summary, the Royal Route Krakow holds an essential position in the history of Poland. Through its rich array of historical landmarks and the legacy of the Polish kings’ coronation processions, the Royal Route offers visitors the unique opportunity to immerse themselves in the grandeur of the nation’s past. So, as you traverse this path, take a moment to appreciate its historical importance and the role it played in shaping the country’s identity.

The Royal Route: A Journey Begins

Embarking on a journey through the Royal Route in Krakow is like stepping back in time. As you walk along this path, you will be following in the footsteps of Polish kings, bishops, and envoys, who traversed this same route between the 14th and 16th centuries when Krakow was the royal capital.

Your journey begins at Matejko Square, a beautiful town square featuring the baroque church of St. Florian and a monument commemorating Polish King Władysław Jagiełło’s victory over the Teutonic Order. From here, make your way to the iconic Krakow Barbican, a stunning 15th-century fortress that once stood as a strong safeguard for the city.

Continuing along Florian Gate, you enter Floriańska Street, which leads to the exquisite Main Market Square. This bustling square is home to several noteworthy attractions, including the impressive St. Mary’s Church, a Gothic masterpiece, and the Cloth Hall, an architectural marvel that has been the hub of Krakow’s trade for centuries.

After exploring the Main Market Square, head down Grodzka Street, which takes you towards Wawel Hill. Along the way, you’ll pass several historic churches, including St. Peter and Paul, a baroque-style church adorned with statues of the Twelve Apostles.

Krakow Wawel Hill Audioguide Tour

Finally, your journey concludes as you reach Kanonicza Street and approach Wawel Castle, the crowning gem of Krakow. This remarkable castle complex, perched atop Wawel Hill, is a symbol of Polish history and culture. Take the opportunity to explore its exquisite architectural details and uncover stories of the centuries-old royal legacy.

Through the entirety of the Royal Route, you will be immersed in history and witness some of the most cherished sights that Krakow has to offer. So, lace up your walking shoes and get ready to be inspired by this regal journey.

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Prominent Landmarks on the Royal Route

The Barbican

The Barbican is a medieval fortification located at the northern entrance to Krakow’s Old Town. Built in the 15th century, it stands at the end of Floriańska Street, with St. Florian’s Gate just beyond. As you explore this defensive complex, marvel at its seven turrets, making the Barbican an iconic structure in the city.

Barbakan in Krakow

Main Market Square

The Main Market Square is the heart of Krakow’s Royal Route. Here, admire the stunning St. Mary’s Basilica, with its distinctive, prominent towers.

Don’t miss the hourly bugle call from the basilica’s taller tower, a unique Krakow tradition. In the square, you will also find the Grunwald Monument, the Adam Mickiewicz monument, and numerous historic buildings.

Cloth Hall

The Cloth Hall, or Sukiennice, dominates the central part of the Main Market Square. Once a centre for international trade, this Renaissance-era building now hosts souvenir stalls and a museum upstairs. Take your time browsing unique local crafts and admire the architecture of this historic building.

Cloth hall in winter

Town Hall Tower

The impressive Town Hall Tower, adjacent to the Cloth Hall, is another essential stop on the Royal Route. Boasting 14th-century Gothic roots, its 70-metre height dominates the square. Climb the tower for a panoramic view of Old Town and the Main Market Square.

Church of St. Francis of Assisi

The Church of St. Francis of Assisi, along ul. Grodzka, is a beautiful, early 13th-century basilica. Its stunning stained-glass windows and richly decorated interior, particularly the vibrant Art Nouveau frescoes, are worth your time.

Church of Saints Peter and Paul

Continuing down ul. Grodzka, you’ll come across the Baroque Church of Saints Peter and Paul. It is the largest Baroque church in Krakow and houses the tomb of Pope John Paul II’s beloved confessor. Note its impressive row of statues lining the entrance.

Church of St. Andrew

Further along the Royal Route, the Church of St. Andrew offers an example of rare Romanesque architecture. Dating back to the 11th century, this imposing basilica also houses the Church of St. Mary Magdalene, surrounded by a peaceful garden.


On your journey along the Royal Route, you can visit several museums that showcase the rich culture and history of Krakow. These include the 19th-Century Polish Art Gallery, the Rynek Underground, the Pharmacy Museum, and the Archdiocesan Museum. Each offers a unique perspective on the city’s past and its artistic heritage.

The Archdiocesan Museum Krakow

Exploring the Streets along the Royal Route

Matejko Square

As you begin your journey along the Royal Route, you’ll find yourself at Matejko Square (Plac Matejki). This historically significant square is a great starting point and offers a glimpse into Krakow’s past.

Take some time to appreciate the beautiful architecture and the nearby Grunwald Monument, commemorating the 1410 Battle of Grunwald.

Grodzka Street

Next, make your way down Grodzka Street (ul. Grodzka), one of the oldest streets in Krakow. This charming cobblestone street is lined with historic buildings and churches, such as St. Andrew’s Church and St. Peter and Paul Church. As you stroll along, you’ll feel the rich history and atmosphere of Krakow.

St. Peter and Paul's Church in Krakow


Your journey will then lead you to Rynek, also known as the Main Market Square. This bustling square is home to the iconic St. Mary’s Church and the Cloth Hall, a historic trading hub. Be sure not to miss the hourly trumpet call from St. Mary’s Church tower as it adds a touch of tradition to your journey.

Krakow Main Square Cloth Hall

Kanonicza Street

Continuing your adventure, venture onto Kanonicza Street (ul. Kanonicza), one of the most picturesque streets in Krakow. Lined with stunning Baroque and Renaissance buildings, this quaint street is perfect for snapping some memorable photographs and immersing yourself in the city’s architectural history.

Floriańska Street

As you move further along the Royal Route, you’ll come across Floriańska Street (ul. Floriańska). This lively street is home to the Gothic St. Florian’s Gate and the historic Barbican. Explore the various shops, cafés, and galleries that line this street before moving on to your next destination.

All Saints Square

Make a stop at All Saints Square (Plac Wszystkich Świętych) as you continue your Royal Route journey. This enchanting square is surrounded by impressive Baroque and Gothic buildings. Take a moment to appreciate the serene beauty of the square before proceeding on your tour.

Wielopolski Palace

Lastly, on the Royal Route, you will encounter the Wielopolski Palace, an elegant example of classicist architecture. Located near Planty Park, this palace has a rich history and has been a seat of power for centuries.

Take some time to marvel at the architecture and learn about its numerous past residents, including King Stanisław August Poniatowski.

Influence of Significant Personalities

The Royal Route in Kraków has played host to numerous eminent personalities throughout history, including kings and Pope John Paul II.

As you walk along this path, you’ll be following in their footsteps and experiencing the impact they’ve had on the city.

Starting with the Polish kings, their coronation ceremonies often began at the Floriańska Gate, marking the entrance to the Royal Route. As the royal capital throughout the 14th to the 16th century, Kraków saw many kings progress through the Old Town, their presence shaping the city’s development. Royal delegations and other noble visitors would also traverse the Royal Route, making it a focal point for diplomacy and politics.

One particularly notable king, Casimir III the Great, played a vital role in the history of Kraków. His reign saw a period of urbanisation and growth in the city, with monumental structures such as the Wawel Castle bearing evidence to this regal era. Walking along the Royal Route, you’ll undoubtedly feel the lasting influence of the kings who called Kraków their home.

King Kazimierz statue

However, it’s not just the kings who have left their mark on the Royal Route. Pope John Paul II, who was born near Kraków in Wadowice, holds a special place in the hearts of the city’s residents. As the first Polish pope, he visited Kraków several times during his pontificate, often travelling the same Royal Route the kings once did.

In honour of his contributions and service, several locations along the Royal Route are dedicated to Pope John Paul II. For instance, you’ll find the impressive “Papal Window” located in the Archbishop’s Palace on Kanonicza Street. This window became a symbolic meeting point between the Pope and the people during his visits, a testament to the deep spiritual connection he shared with his community.

As you travel the Royal Route, you’ll undoubtedly sense the grandeur and historical significance of these influential personalities. From the coronations of Polish kings to the visits of Pope John Paul II, their impact is felt to this day, making your journey a truly enlightening experience.

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Popular Events on the Royal Route

As you walk along the Royal Route in Krakow, you will find yourself immersed in the rich history and vibrant atmosphere that the city has to offer. Known for its medieval European roots, the Royal Route is the perfect setting for a variety of popular events and celebrations.

One of the most notable events that take place along the Royal Route is the annual parade held during the city’s various festivals. These colourful and lively parades often reflect the traditions and heritage of medieval Europe, allowing you to experience first-hand the customs and culture of a bygone era.

The Royal Route begins in the Kleparz neighbourhood, a historic area known for its bustling market square. Here, you can enjoy a taste of traditional Polish cuisine and local specialities, as well as peruse the many market stalls selling everything from antiques to fresh produce. Throughout the year, Kleparz hosts a variety of events, including cultural festivals, food fairs, and outdoor concerts.

Continuing along the Royal Route, you will pass through the iconic Main Square, the heart of Krakow’s Old Town. This expansive square is surrounded by historical landmarks and beautiful architecture, making it a perfect backdrop for various events and gatherings.

In particular, the Main Square is an ideal setting for outdoor concerts, street performances, and seasonal markets, allowing you to take in the sights and sounds of this historic city.

Finally, as you stroll along the scenic Planty Park that encircles the Old Town, you will encounter numerous festivals, exhibitions, and cultural events throughout the year. These events often blend history and modernity, showcasing the best of Krakow’s storied past and dynamic present. From contemporary art installations to traditional handicraft displays, there is always something new and exciting to discover along the Royal Route.

Planty park in Krakow

So, as you explore the Royal Route in Krakow, be sure to take in the various events and attractions that make this historic path a truly unique and unforgettable experience.

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Tourist Guide: Navigating the Royal Route

The Royal Route in Kraków is a historical path that takes you through some of the most beautiful and significant sights in the city. As you follow this route, you will experience the rich history of Kraków, once the royal capital of Poland.

Starting from Matejko Square, you can admire the baroque church of St. Florian and the huge monument celebrating King Władysław Jagiełło’s victory over the Teutonic Order. Continuing along the route, you will reach the impressive Kraków Barbican, an iconic structure and one of the last remaining city fortresses in Europe. Just a short walk from there, you will enter the Old Town through St. Florian’s Gate, part of the original city walls and an important symbol of the city’s history.

As you proceed, your next stop will be Rynek Główny (the Main Market Square), home to several key attractions. Here you will find:

  • St. Mary’s Basilica: A gothic masterpiece with an awe-inspiring interior and famous altar by Veit Stoss.
  • Cloth Hall: An elegant Renaissance building where you can buy traditional Polish crafts and souvenirs.
  • Kraków’s Historical Museum: A chance to delve deeper into the city’s past.

Continuing along the Royal Route, you’ll come across the baroque St. Peter and Paul Church, known for its intricate sculptures and the stunning trompe-l’oeil ceiling. Finally, your journey will take you to Wawel Hill, home to two of Kraków’s most important landmarks:

  • Wawel Castle: A majestic structure with impressive renaissance courtyards and regal chambers, it once housed Polish kings and is now a major museum.
  • Wawel Cathedral: The historic burial site of Polish royalty, with a stunning collection of art and intricate chapels.

Throughout your stroll along the Royal Route, take your time to soak in the atmosphere and absorb the historical significance of the sites you pass. Remember to check the opening hours and admission fees for each attraction so you can plan your visit accordingly.

Enjoy your adventure through the heart of Kraków and the Royal Route, as they offer a unique glimpse into the city’s rich history and captivating beauty.


We are a team of travel lovers passionate about Krakow. We've explored every part of it and learned its history, traditions, and local secrets. We're eager to share our best tips with you. We know hidden gems and local favorites. We're more than writers; we're your personal guides. In our articles, you'll find everything what you need to know about Krakow. team.

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