Trains in Poland

Poland by Train: Tips, Routes, and What to Expect on the Rails

Travelling by train in Poland offers you the opportunity to explore the country’s rich history and diverse landscapes in comfort and at your own pace. With a well-developed railway system connecting major cities and numerous towns across the country, you can experience the modernity of high-speed trains or the nostalgia of regional ones for an authentic European adventure.

Poland’s railway network features an array of train services operated by various companies, providing plenty of options to suit your travel needs. Some of the popular choices include Eurocity, Intercity, and Pendolino trains, covering both domestic and international routes within Eastern and Central Europe. Booking tickets online is an efficient and convenient way to plan your journey, ensuring a smooth trip from start to finish.

Trains in Poland

As you traverse Poland’s picturesque countryside or bustling urban areas, you will come to appreciate the extensive and reliable railway system that caters to visitors and locals alike. Whether you’re travelling for leisure or business, trains in Poland promise an enjoyable and memorable journey through this captivating country.

Overview of Polish Trains

Polish trains provide a convenient and efficient means of travelling around the country. The rail network is extensive, serving both major cities and smaller towns. In this section, we will provide a brief overview of the various train types available in Poland, including intercity trains, regional trains, night trains, fast trains, high-speed trains, domestic trains, and local trains.

Intercity trains

Intercity trains connect Poland’s major cities, such as Warsaw, Kraków, and Gdańsk. They offer comfortable and fast services, often with onboard amenities like dining cars and power outlets. These trains are ideal for longer journeys or when you need to travel between cities quickly.

Inter city train Poland

Regional trains

Regional trains are designed for shorter distances and serve many smaller towns and cities throughout Poland. They tend to have more frequent stops and slower speeds than intercity trains, but are still a reliable option for getting around the country.

Night trains

Night trains operate on longer routes and offer you the opportunity to sleep aboard while travelling between cities.

They typically have different cabin types and can be a comfortable way to travel overnight, especially if you’re looking to save time and avoid wasting a day on lengthy journeys.

Fast trains

Fast trains operate on a variety of routes, both domestic and international. They provide faster services than regional trains and usually have fewer stops, making them a convenient choice when travelling longer distances within Poland.

High-speed trains

High-speed trains are not common in Poland yet, but there are plans to implement such services in the future. They would offer significantly faster travel times on key routes, such as between Warsaw and Kraków.

Domestic trains

Domestic trains cover routes within Poland and are operated by a variety of carriers, depending on the region. They include intercity trains, regional trains, and local trains, allowing you to explore the country and discover its many attractions.

Domestic trains in Poland

Local trains

Local trains provide services within specific regions and often connect smaller towns and cities. They tend to be slower and less frequent than intercity or regional trains, but are an essential means of transport for those living in rural areas or wishing to explore the beauty of the Polish countryside.

Remember to plan your trips in advance, as timetables and ticket prices can vary depending on the train type and operator. Polish trains offer a reliable and enjoyable way to experience the rich history, culture and diversity that Poland has to offer.

Train Operating Companies

PKP Intercity

PKP Intercity is one of the largest train operators in Poland and primarily focuses on long-distance services. They operate various types of trains, including express and high-speed trains.

PKP Intercity offers connections to major cities in Poland and provides international services to countries such as Germany, Belarus, Slovakia, and Lithuania.


Polregio is a leading regional rail carrier in Poland, connecting all provinces within the country. They operate around 1,900 trains daily and employ over 6,600 staff members.

Polregio also provides international services to neighbouring countries, often as the sole Polish rail carrier.

Arriva RP

Arriva RP is a private train operator providing regional services, owned by Deutsche Bahn. They operate in a few voivodeship regions, such as Kuyavian-Pomeranian and Masovian Voivodeships.

Arriva RP is well-established and ensures smooth operations through its modern rolling stock and efficient services.

Twoje Linie Kolejowe

Twoje Linie Kolejowe (TLK) is a division of PKP Intercity focusing on budget-oriented long-distance services. TLK trains provide comfort and reliability at lower prices, making it an attractive option for budget-conscious travellers.

Leo Express

Leo Express is a Czech private train operator that offers services in Poland, such as journeys between Prague and Kraków.

They provide comfortable and modern trains, complete with on-board services like Wi-Fi, air conditioning, and catering.

Express Intercity Premium

Express Intercity Premium is a high-speed service division of PKP Intercity that operates Pendolino trains. These modern trains offer utmost comfort, speed, and amenities such as Wi-Fi, power outlets, and on-board catering.

Koleje Mazowieckie

Koleje Mazowieckie is a regional train operator in the Masovian Voivodeship. They offer reliable services connecting Warsaw with other cities and towns in the region.

With comfortable trains and frequent departures, Koleje Mazowieckie is a popular choice for travellers in this area.

Koleje Wielkopolskie

Operating in the Greater Poland Voivodeship, Koleje Wielkopolskie offers regional train connections throughout the region. Focusing on efficient services and comfortable journeys, they connect cities such as Poznań, Kalisz, and Piła.

Szybka Kolej Miejska

Szybka Kolej Miejska (SKM) is an urban rail service with operations in Warsaw, Gdańsk, and Tricity.

They provide fast and frequent services, ideal for residents and tourists who need to navigate these cities efficiently.

Koleje Śląskie

Koleje Śląskie operates regional services in the Silesian Voivodeship, connecting cities like Katowice, Gliwice, and Częstochowa. They offer regular train services with a focus on punctuality and passenger comfort.

Koleje Dolnośląskie

Koleje Dolnośląskie operates in the Lower Silesian Voivodeship, connecting Wrocław with other cities and towns in the region. They provide frequent regional services, focusing on reliability and customer satisfaction.

Koleje Małopolskie

Koleje Małopolskie is a regional train operator serving the Lesser Poland Voivodeship. They connect Kraków with other towns and cities in the area, offering comfortable trains for both local residents and tourists.


Warszawska Kolej Dojazdowa (WKD) is a suburban rail service connecting Warsaw with nearby towns in the Masovian Voivodeship. Operating since 1927, WKD provides a convenient mode of transport for daily commuters and visitors exploring the area.

Booking and Tickets

When it comes to travelling by train in Poland, you can easily book your tickets and make reservations beforehand. Poland offers a variety of ticket options such as single tickets, rail passes, and group travel discounts. To book train tickets, you have several options at your disposal.

Online booking

Numerous websites are available to book train tickets for Poland and other European destinations. Websites like Polrail Service and PolishTrains allow you to search for your desired route and offer secure payment options via credit card.

Keep in mind that advance booking for domestic trains can be made up to 30 days before the travel date, while international bookings can be done up to 60 days prior.

Ticket offices

Many train stations in Poland have ticket offices where you can purchase your train tickets in person. These offices usually accept payments in cash, as well as credit cards. It’s a convenient option if you prefer face-to-face transactions or need assistance with language barriers.

Ticket machines

Self-service ticket machines are available at most train stations. They offer an easy way to purchase train tickets without waiting in a queue. The machines provide multilingual support and accept various forms of payment, including credit cards and Polish currency.

Remember to always double-check your ticket details such as the departure time, destination, and class to avoid any inconveniences during your journey. Additionally, make sure to have valid identification documents with you, as they may be required for ticket validation on board the train.

Poland’s Railway Lines and Stations

Poland has a comprehensive railway network, spanning approximately 18,510 kilometres. The Polish railway system is electrified, with around 11,998 km of tracks running on 3 kV DC.

In this section, we will explore some of the major railway lines and stations in Poland, covering cities such as Warsaw, Krakow, Gdansk, Katowice, Wroclaw, Poznan, and Zakopane.


Warsaw, the capital and largest city of Poland, is home to two main railway stations: Warszawa Centralna (Warsaw Central) and Warszawa Zachodnia (Warsaw West).

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Warszawa Centralna is the primary hub, connecting to many major cities in Poland and abroad. Warszawa Zachodnia is another vital station, providing railway services to the west of the city. Both stations offer multiple platforms and tracks for efficient travel.

Warsaw metro


Krakow, Poland’s second-largest city, boasts a central train station called Kraków Główny. Located nearby the historical old town, the station offers many connections to and from various locations in Poland and Europe. Kraków Główny has multiple platforms, tracks, and a modern passenger area, making your journey more comfortable and convenient.

Train station Krakow Glowny

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The beautiful city of Gdansk, located on the Baltic Sea, has Gdańsk Główny (Gdansk Main) as its primary train station. Gdańsk Główny offers connections to Warsaw, Krakow, Wroclaw, Poznan, and other destinations across the country.

The station is equipped with multiple platforms and tracks to cater to the needs of travellers.


Katowice, an important industrial and commercial city in southern Poland, is well-connected by train.

The primary railway station in the city is Katowice Central Station, offering convenient connections to Warsaw, Krakow, Poznan, Wroclaw, and more. This bustling station features several platforms and tracks, providing a seamless travel experience.


Wrocław Główny (Wroclaw Main), the primary railway station of the picturesque city of Wroclaw, is well-connected to other major cities in Poland, including Warsaw, Krakow, Poznan, Gdansk, and Katowice. Wrocław Główny is equipped with several platforms and tracks, ensuring efficient travel for passengers.

Wroclaw travelling by train


Poznań Główny (Poznan Main), the primary train station of the vibrant city of Poznan, connects travellers to various Polish cities, including Warsaw, Wroclaw, Krakow, Gdansk, and Katowice.

The station offers multiple platforms and tracks, making travel across the country smooth and efficient.

Poznan Glowny train station


Zakopane, a popular mountain resort town in southern Poland, is accessible via train. Although the town does not have a primary train station like the other cities mentioned, it has a smaller station called Zakopane Główny.

This station offers connections to Krakow and other nearby destinations via the regional rail carrier, providing travellers with a convenient way to explore this picturesque region.

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In conclusion, visiting Poland’s major cities by train is a convenient and comfortable way to explore the country. The primary train stations in Warsaw, Krakow, Gdansk, Katowice, Wroclaw, Poznan, and Zakopane are well-connected, offering multiple platforms and tracks for efficient travel.

Train Travel in Poland

Travelling by train in Poland allows you to enjoy comfortable journeys while taking in the stunning views of the Polish countryside. The diverse train network in Poland is a remarkable way to explore the many picturesque train destinations this country offers.

Travelling by train in Poland

Poland’s railway system is operated by the national company PKP as well as several regional train operators for shorter trips. The system is well-connected and offers a range of high-class operators such as Eurocity, Intercity, and Pendolino. This ensures that you have a variety of options to suit your travel needs.

When planning your trip, it is essential to know that tickets and reservations for train travel within Poland can be booked up to 30 days in advance for domestic trains. For international journeys to or from other countries in the region, bookings can be made up to 60 days in advance. Various online providers, such as Polrail Service, can help you secure your tickets and plan your journey efficiently.

During your train travel, you’ll have the opportunity to experience breathtaking landscapes, from vast forests where wild bison still roam to serene rivers and picturesque towns. The rail network in Poland is designed to showcase the country’s scenic beauty while connecting major cities and tourist destinations.

In addition to providing a comfortable journey and stunning views, train travel in Poland is often more environmentally friendly and cost-effective compared to other modes of transportation. By opting for train travel, you not only contribute to preserving the environment but also embark on a culturally immersive experience as you traverse the beautiful landscapes of Poland.

In summary, train travel in Poland offers you a comfortable and efficient way to explore the country’s many attractions. With its vast railway network, wide range of operators, and stunning scenery, you are sure to have a memorable and enjoyable journey.

Polish Trains and International Connections

Polish trains offer a convenient means of transportation to explore the beautiful landscapes and vibrant cities within Poland and across Europe.

In this section, we will discuss some popular international connections to and from Poland, making your travel planning easier.


Travelling to Berlin from Poland is quite straightforward, with direct trains connecting major Polish cities like Warsaw and Wrocław to the German capital.

The journey time between Warsaw and Berlin typically takes around 5 hours 30 minutes, giving you ample time to relax and enjoy the scenic route.


Vienna, the capital of Austria, can be reached from Poland via direct trains originating from cities like Warsaw and Kraków.

The journey from Warsaw to Vienna takes approximately 6 hours 45 minutes, passing through the picturesque landscapes of the Czech Republic. Remember to book your international train tickets in advance to secure the best price.


The charming city of Prague, located in the Czech Republic, is easily accessible by train from various Polish cities such as Warsaw and Wrocław.

The train journey from Warsaw to Prague takes around 6 hours 45 minutes, providing a comfortable and scenic ride as you travel through Central Europe.


Although there are no direct train connections between Poland and Rome, you can still reach the Italian capital by combining trains and changing at key cities.

One option is to take a train from Warsaw to Vienna, and then transfer to a train bound for Rome via cities like Florence or Bologna. The entire journey may take around 20 hours, so plan accordingly.


Budapest, the capital of Hungary, can be reached from Poland with direct trains connecting cities like Warsaw and Kraków.

The travel time between Warsaw and Budapest is approximately 10 hours 30 minutes, allowing you to witness the stunning landscapes of Central Europe along the way.


While there are no direct trains from Poland to Amsterdam, you can still reach the Dutch capital by combining trains. The most common route involves taking a train from Warsaw to Berlin and then boarding a train headed to Amsterdam.

The entire journey takes approximately 13 hours, so remember to plan your trip and secure your train tickets in advance.

In conclusion, Polish trains offer diverse opportunities to explore some of Europe’s most remarkable destinations. Whether it’s the rich history of Amsterdam, the stunning architecture of Prague, or the vibrant cultures of Berlin, there’s something for everyone while travelling within Europe via Polish trains.

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Onboard Facilities and Services

Travelling by train in Poland offers a comfortable experience with various facilities and services to ensure a pleasant journey. Both 1st and 2nd class options cater to different budgets and preferences, while the main onboard amenities remain quite similar.

During your journey, whether in 1st or 2nd class carriages, you can benefit from air-conditioned interiors, providing a comfortable environment throughout your trip. For ultimate relaxation, 1st class offers larger seats and more legroom compared to 2nd class, giving you additional space to unwind.

When you feel peckish or fancy a hot beverage, you can easily purchase a snack from the onboard bistro or restaurant. Depending on the train type, some services also offer catering options that bring water and coffee directly to your seat.

Toilets are available for your convenience, and they are maintained regularly to ensure cleanliness and hygiene. As you travel, rest assured that the main touchpoints, including seats, handles, and luggage compartments, are frequently disinfected and sanitised for your safety.

In conclusion, Polish trains are an excellent means of transportation, ensuring your comfort and well-being. Remember to make the most of the onboard facilities and services during your journey, regardless of whether you choose 1st or 2nd class.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are the main train operators in Poland?

In Poland, there are several train operators providing services throughout the country. The primary state-owned operator is PKP Intercity, which manages long-distance express trains, including high-speed services. Other operators include PolRegio and Koleje Mazowieckie, which handle regional and local routes.

How to buy tickets for Polish trains online?

You can easily purchase train tickets for travel in Poland through the websites of the train operators, such as PKP Intercity and PolRegio. Additionally, online ticket retailers like Polrail Service offer convenient options for buying tickets and making reservations for both domestic and international journeys.

What are the differences between first and second class on Polish trains?

First-class carriages on Polish trains tend to offer more space, comfortable seating, and additional amenities like power outlets or complimentary refreshments. Second-class carriages also provide a comfortable journey, albeit with fewer extra benefits and slightly less legroom. The choice between first and second class largely depends on your preferences for comfort and budget.

Do Poland’s trains offer international connections?

Yes, Polish trains provide direct connections to neighbouring countries such as Germany, Czech Republic, Slovakia, and Ukraine, among others. International train services, like the Berlin-Warsaw Express, connect major cities in Poland with key destinations in Europe.

What is the fastest train service in Poland?

The EIP (Express Intercity Premium) is the fastest train service in Poland. Operated by PKP Intercity, these high-speed trains connect major cities like Warsaw, Krakow, Gdansk, and Wroclaw at speeds of up to 200 km/h, offering a quick and comfortable means of travel.

Are train fares in Poland affordable?

Compared to many other European countries, train fares in Poland are generally quite affordable. Prices vary depending on the type of train, the distance covered, and the class of service. Discounts are also available for children, students, and seniors, making train travel in Poland an accessible option for most budgets.


We are a team of travel lovers passionate about Krakow. We've explored every part of it and learned its history, traditions, and local secrets. We're eager to share our best tips with you. We know hidden gems and local favorites. We're more than writers; we're your personal guides. In our articles, you'll find everything what you need to know about Krakow. team.

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